Madagascar is one of the world’s top megadiverse countries, both in terms of overall biodiversity and the number of endemic species. Adding to this the rich traditional knowledge of Malagasy communities. It is therefore no wonder that the country has been the target of sustained bioprospecting activities over the last decades. So far, unfortunately, the benefits derived from these activities have largely been realised outside of the country and not been shared with local stakeholders.
Madagascar is about to enact a Decree on Access and Benefit Sharing, which will implement the Nagoya Protocol and regulate access to the country’s genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge of local communities.